Regarding the fauna existing in Samos, it presents many similarities with the one on the Mykali Peninsula in the coasts of Asia Minor.


Some of the mammals encountered are: the rabbit, the jackal, the wild boar, the bat and the badger. In the sea around Samos there are seals and dolphins.


There are both sea and land turtles and snakes. The biggest snake is the tree snake whose length often exceeds two meters. The only venomous snakes, that exist in Samos, are the viper and the asp.


There are many species of lizards in Samos such as geckoes, chameleons, and the Lacerta anatolica aegaea lizard, which can only be found in Samos and the coast of Asia Minor.


From the family of amphibians there are: toads, different species of frogs and tree frogs.


In Samos there are 139 species of birds 39 of which remain in the island throughout the year. Some of them are: the hawk, the grouse, the owl, the spine, the wild pigeon and so on.


In the island there are 69 known species of butterflies.